The formulation of the mechanical equivalent of heat can be taken as a crucial step towards the formulation of the principle of energy conservation. Joule demonstrated in a series of experiments that mechanical work (which he still called 'mechanical force') can be converted at a constant ratio into heat.
Story n° 1. This story adresses the necessity of careful experimenting in the process of generating new scientific knowledge.
Story n° 2. This story adresses the issues of social status and collaboration.
Scientific Partnership: James Prescott Joule, William Thomson, and the mechanical equivalent of heat.